Pachypodium baronii

Pachypodium baronii


Pachypodium baronii / 5 seeds

Common Names include:
ENGLISH: Madagascar palm
CHINESE (中文): 巴氏棒錘樹
SPANISH (Español): Palma de Madagascar
UKRAINIAN (Українська): Паxіподіум бароні, Паxіподіум Барона

Origin and Habitat: North Madagascar; local endemic. Befandriana Nord to Mandritsara.
Altitudinal range: 300-1200 metres above sea level.
Habitat and ecology: They grows on steep gneiss and granite rocks rocks. Mostly in full sun, sometimes in open dry deciduous forest in light shade where they take advantage of micro-environments suitable for succulents. Accompanying species can be Pachypodium sofienseUncarina sp., Aloe bulbilliferaEuphorbia miliiKalanchoe gastonis-bonnieriUrera sp. and Ischnolepis sp.

Pachypodium baronii, the Madagascar palm or bontaka, is a flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae. It has the habit of a robust shrub with a spherical or bottle-shaped trunk. It has several cylindrical branches at the top.

This plant is endemic to Madagascar, where it grows in open deciduous forest on Mesozoic calcareous rock and granite or gneiss on the western side of the island at low elevations. It is known in Madagascar as “Bontaka”. It is also endemic from Befandriana Nord to Mandritsara.


Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Pachypodium baronii group

  • photo iconPachypodium baronii Costantin & Bois: has a swollen bottle-shaped trunk, with slender spiny branches, up to 2(-3.5) m high, leaves 9-15 cm long, peduncle 4-25 cm long. Distribution: N. Madagascar ( Befandriana Nord to Mandritsara).
  • photo iconPachypodium baronii subs. windsorii (Poiss.) Pichon: is smaller in all parts (less than 1.5 metres tall), with leaves 5-9 cm long and peduncle almost undeveloped. Distribution: N. Madagascar. Windsor Castle massif, Beantely massif and Amboaizamikono massif.